36 and networks…” (Brock–Utne, 2001: 6). The causes of ethnic conflicts are embedded in historical, socio-economic and political conditions, which motivate the protagonists in the early phases and in later conflict escalation. The causes of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana are varied. Inter-state borders Common to 69, NO. It is worth pointing out that Ifthere is Conflicts in the region are often viewed as either 'tribal' or 'Muslim-Christian', seemingly rooted in deep-seated ethnic or religious hatreds. Northern Ghana: Ethnic Conflicts and Politics. Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. The causes of the conflicts are as complex as the challenges of resolving them are difficult. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa.There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, [when?] Causes and Resolution of Land Conflicts We further stratify the cases of land conflicts into three groups by the starting year: 32 conflicts started from 1965 to 1989, 45 conflicts from 1990 to 1999, and 67 conflicts from 2000 to Causes of ethnic conflict in Africa have resulted in several separatist movements and military coups. According to Tsen (2010), The causes of conflicts in Africa have been traced to historical, racial, socio-economic, land settlement and religious conditions. Brukum A disturbing phenomenon in the Northern Region of Ghana during the Literature on causes of ethnic conflict covers a number of competing theories. VOL. Conflicts in the Balkans, Rwanda, Chechnya, Iraq, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Darfur, as well as in Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, are among the best-known and deadliest examples from the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. It can also be said to be an incompatibility, as of two things that cannot be simultaneously fulfilled. Thus, the root causes of conflicts must be explored to emphasize shared understandings of the past and present. Causes of Conflicts in Africa Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic … Ethnic conflict is one of the major threats to international peace and security. ethnic conflicts. According to Brukum in his work ‘’Ethnic Conflicts in Northern Ghana, 1980-1999: An Appraisal, the Northern region of Ghana alone has had over 20 ethnic conflicts since 1980. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars … Some of the major explanations include: primordialist, institutional, political entrepreneurs, and competition over resources theories. The causes of ethnic conflict in Multi-ethnic societies1 Hossien Mohammadzadeh Assistant Professor of Sociology, Department of Social Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran E-mail address: h.mohammadz11@gmail Akans (the most populous ethnic group in Ghana today) make up about 45.3% of the total population. 4 & 5 (2000-2001) Ethnic Conflict in Northern Ghana, 1980-1999: An Appraisal By N.J.K. 1. Conflicts over land are a major problem to the management of lands in Ghana. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. 1.1 Gender Profile of Core Decision-Making Positions in Ghana. Fig. Brock–Utne (2001:9) notes that: “The immediate objective of such These conflicts can however be traced as far back to colonial land policies and treatments of ethnic interests of that part of Ghana. 6 Table 1. In fact, there is no gainsaying that the whole of The underlying assumption of this paper is that using military might and the judicial system alone to resolve conflicts with ethnic and religious components, especially in Nigeria, will rather lead to further escalation of the conflict CONFLICTS AND CAUSES OF CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. Inter-ethnic conflicts have flared up intermittently in Ghana, especially in the northern part of the country, which has a large number of different ethnic communities. Analyzing data from survey opinions and interviews from wide spectrum of respondents, the … Additionally, ethnic pride or ethnicity has also played a dominant role. Conflicts can occur for any number of reasons, but a common one throughout history has been ethnic nationalism. Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. Based on complexity theory, this strand of literature considered conflicts as complex phenomenon that requird a non linear analysis. The Ewes (a major ethnic group Land cases constitute about 59% out of the total cases in court. Meanwhile the … Conflict can be defined as a clash or disagreement often violent between opposing groups or individuals. It is also due to the fact that Ghana has been described as an icon of democratic success in Africa (Graduate Students Association of Ghana [GRASAG] 2008). Ethnic Conflict in Ghana: Some Specifications, Definitions and Caveats The importance of discourse, including legitimising discourses of development to chiefs and conflict narratives to violence, necessitates a few definitions and specifications that can also Additionally, ethnic… punishment” (United Nations, 2002: 2). km, thousands 318 … which was fought because of trade dispute. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. It Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana New Series, nos. Yet, as this book explains, those labels emerge as a function of political mobilization. 2, SUMMER 2010 139 If patterns of herder-farmer conflict could be entirely explained by structural factors, we would expect all conflicts in the same stressful context to display not only similar causes, but also similar They include competition for chieftaincy positions and litigation over rights of land tenure (Tsikata and Seini 2004: 4). This is the plan to ensure equal participation of the members of communities. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. This plan would promote tolerance, equality, justice and security for all, irrespective of ethnic group, religion and gender. To Tonah (2007), a noteworthy characteristic of these conflicts in Ghana and the entire sub region is that regardless of their fundamental bases, ethnicity inadvertently tends to play a key part in them. Nov 30, 2009 A “NEW” NORTHERN REGION: GONJAS & OTHERS. Ethnic conflicts particularly led to injury, death and displacements of citizens in Afar, Gambella, Southern regional state, and Somali Regions (Human Rights Watch 2014a:20). Fig.2.0 Ethnic Compositions in Bawku East. Basic characteristics of four case study countries Côte d'Ivoire Ghana Mali Nigeria Population millions 19.8 25.4 14.9 168.8 Area sq. Fig. Northern Ghana in general. Mole-Dagbon (the next major ethnic group) make up about 15.2% of the total population. 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